"My Ph.D. now has global significance."

Kendra L. Mitchell, Ph.D.
Rhetoric and Composition Studies
Fulbright Scholar


I had never heard of Rhetoric and Composition Studies and knew even less about what people could do with the degree when I decided to pursue this PhD. I had earned my BA in English literature and I was a writing center tutor/administrator. For a while, that seemed like enough. I was doing the good I wanted, but I eventually reached a dead end. I couldn’t make decisions on behalf of those I advocated for during my tutorials. I just didn’t know how to do more until I attended a writing center workshop filled with PhDs in this field who recognized the work I was doing as their work. They fed me books that showed me the connection between my advocacy and this field written by a faculty member at FSU—just across the tracks from my place of employment--FAMU. Simultaneously, I had mentors and coworkers sharing other books that fanned the flames. It was meant to be. I applied to the graduate program and the rest is history.

My dissertation, Language in the Center: A Case Study of Multilingualism in a Historically Black University Writing Center, adds value to the field in a few ways. The first contribution is its reimagining of African American Language speakers who also speak Edited American English as multi-linguals. This approach intentionally resists the term dialect for the reasons that non-linguists usually prescribe a negative connotation to the term, and therefore, do not recognize its language system nor its embodied forms of expressions as systematic. This results in routinely mislabeling students whose responses are culturally earmarked as disruptive. My study also recognizes other languages they use, such as Patois, Creole, and Spanish. My research also points writing center practitioners—and potentially educators—toward culturally responsive tutoring that celebrates linguistically and culturally diverse communicative practices, particularly those practiced knowingly and unknowingly by African Americans. The results of my study demonstrated that the students and tutors within the selected historically black university writing center used an African and African American rhetorical strategies such as signifying, narrativizing, and indirection to access academic literacies.

My Fulbright experience in South Africa has given my research interests a broader context, given the wider circulation of black culture among South Africans, particularly South African youth. Having had to lecture hundreds of multi-lingual preservice teachers on a variety of subjects, ranging from teaching English in multi-lingual classrooms to HIV/AIDs education, some of my understandings of African and African American rhetorical strategies have been challenged while others have been confirmed. Needless to say, this experience has only enriched my trajectory for future research.

I have won highly competitive departmental and national awards and grants based on my research and writing, and that is major. But, I must say my proudest moment while in graduate school was actually finishing. I had just submitted my Fulbright application and was preparing to analyze my data when I learned my home was burglarized and my laptop and data was stolen. I wanted to quit, I really did. But, I had great colleagues and faculty support through the ordeal. I took a brief break then jumped back into my research site. It was then that I learned I was a Fulbright finalist, then a grantee. I had new motivation: I had to finish before moving to South Africa. And I did finish only to jump on a plane a month later to embark on a life-changing journey.

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